SITE CONTENT: Poultry Farm
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Poultry farming is one of the largest forms of animal agriculture in
the U.S., and around the world. Poultry products constituted 22.5
percent of the $98 billion of farm products sold in 1997, during the
last national agricultural census. Farmers bought, raised, sold or
slaughtered broilers, layers and pullets-literally billions of these
The poultry industry in the United States started on family farms
in the midwestern states. Broilers were grown in small flocks and eggs
were produced from small flocks providing a substantial source of
"grocery money" to the farm housewife, according to Dale Hyatt,
Research Service Farm Manager, at Texas A&M University.
The United States poultry industry began in the Midwestern states due
to the concentration of grain production in this area. Improved
transportation of grains enabled an eventual spread of the industry
across the U.S, Hyatt notes.
In the early 1900's hen-hatched chicks were the primary source for
replacement birds for the small farm flock. By 1928 about 43 percent of
the chickens raised on farms were hatched under hens. Ten years later,
66 percent were bought as baby chicks, and by 1959 the percentage had
risen to 96, says Hyatt.
Today, poultry farming takes place in virtually every corner of the
country, with the Mid-Atlantic States of Maryland, Delaware and
Virginia being especially poultry-intensive. Flat, temperate climates
with ample farmland, and little chance of tornado, hurricane or
earthquake damage make these areas perfect for it.
Poultry Farm Links:
The International Poultry Farming Site
United States Department of Agriculture